Newgrange – Meet Me Here at the Winter Solstice

newgrange tomb entrance

Tomb Entrance - Lintel Above the Door allows light passage into the tomb.

Newgrange passage tomb in the Boyne Valley – County Meath, Ireland is the oldest, fully in-tact building in Ireland, and probably in western Europe. According to Mary Gibbons who offers excellent tours of Newgrange, the tomb dates back 5000 years, predating the pyramids of Egypt, Stonehenge and all the other tombs and prehistoric enclosed structures in Ireland and Britain. Newgrange was a center for spiritual ritual and has remained intact since the Stone Age. The inside is large with a center chamber large enough for 20 people to stand and three side chambers. Early people of the Boyne Valley placed cremated remains in these side chambers.

If the Middle Ages had their cathedrals, the Stone Age had its passage tombs, and Newgrange is the equivalent of Rome.  Mary Gibbons’ most memorable quote for me is, “Newgrange is the oldest building in the world still standing in its original form.”  The “building” is what’s inside – the door, the descending path, the roof, the carvings, the walls, the side chambers.   This was a feat of precision engineering.  And 5000 years later, it still works.


Newgrange Passage Tomb

Newgrange - Neolithic Passage Tomb

From the outside, Newgrange looks like a large, flat, round building with a grass roof and stone sides. These outside cosmetics are new and not part of the original structure. But the tomb itself and the entrance has not been altered. The entrance is dominated by a mammoth-size boulder with intricate spiral and diamond shaped carvings. One had to cross over this stone to gain entry.

Above the entrance to the tomb is a stone lintel which allows light to pass into the tomb on the Winter Solstice (December 21) – the shortest day of the year. Newgrange was built according to a specific blueprint that allowed for the tomb to be illuminated by the sun on the day when sunlight shines for the shortest amount of time. The illumination is a gradual beam of light that pierces the pathway into the tomb and shines across the floor.  lasts approximately 15 minutes. Then total blackness sets in again … until the next year.

This illumination is simulated for visitors with a flashlight.  Though it’s not “pure” light, it’s still pretty impressive to experience. Every visitor in that chamber is wondering the same thing …. “What would it be lie to be here at the Solstice?”

Spirals on entry stone at Newgrange

Ancient carvings of spiral designs were common in this age and region, but Newgrange has the rare "triple spiral" on both its entrance stone (shown below) and on the wall of the tomb. Who knows what the spirals meant?

Everyone wants to be at Newgrange during the winter solstice – including me.  But to be present, you must enter the yearly lottery.  Applications are at the Bru Na Boinne Visitor Center.  If you can’t fill one out in person, you can email and request a staff person there fill one out on your behalf.  The drawing for 50 lucky people (who are invited to bring a guest) happens in September.  Last year there were 31,531 entries.

newgrange curb stone

Dan Burgoyne examining one of the curbstones

Spirals and diamonds appear on other stones at Newgrange, including one of the curbstones around the back. Many have guessed at what the spirals mean. The best definition I heard was the the spirals symbolize how time passes – rather than linear, time is circular, like the seasons. While we live in this time we could be passing closely by those who lived before us and will live after us. Time turns – rather than passes.

Newgrange - coming out of the tomb

Newgrange - coming out of the tomb

Though it’s against the rules to use any cameras in the tomb, I snapped this photo with my cell phone as I was exiting. It shows how narrow the path is. It’s amazing that all the calculations for building the tomb still fit, allowing the sun to penetrate the darkness on the Winter Solstice. Light must have been important to the Boyne Valley early civilizations. It was here that they built one of the greatest tributes to “light penetrating the darkness.”

Newgrange, along with the Hill of Tara and the surrounding Boyne Valley are the first stop on the Thin Places Mystical Tour of Ireland scheduled for May 2012.

We join Mary Gibbons’ tour and it is fabulous commentary as Mary is both an archaeologist and a historian, as well as a Western Ireland native with a cheeky sense of humor.  Her tours are one of the highest rated in Ireland.

Check out this year’s itinerary and join us!

About Mindie

Mindie Burgoyne is a travel writer, blogger and tour guide and tour operatior living on Maryland's Eastern Shore - a worthy destination and thin place in its own right. Mindie and husband Dan own Thin Places Mystical Tours and offer tours, itineraries and advice on visiting Ireland's Thin Places.
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2 Responses to Newgrange – Meet Me Here at the Winter Solstice

  1. mietek says:

    Visited Ireladn in may 2010 with my friends NEWGRANGE all of us were under impression of ancient’s logistic to erect such construction which is understood as pasage tomb.
    In your comments over a mysterious spirale engraved I am also on your line to believe the meaning of time is hidden as symbols .
    Ireland has a lot of hidden treasure scarcely known even to local residents and foreigners konwing more thus I relay rather on website and Anthony Weird CD guide scheduling my travels across Ireland from North to south . Burren Co Clare there is lot to see ancient treasures amongst lunar pictuturesque hills . Co. Sligo Carrowmore , Carrowkeel graveyards visited last year and the latter was hard to find and locals gave a tip with written at wood ,, for donkeys and tourists”

    • Mindie says:

      I so agree. The general population in Ireland are always fascinated when I start going on about “thin places” or ancient sites. I once explained what I was researching to a lady in the Kincora Hotel in Killaloe. She was curious about all these mystical sites I was investigating. The more I told her, the more curious she became.

      At the end of the conversation she said, “If I stop at every lone bush, ruin or standing stone as I travel about, I’d never get anywhere. It’s almost as if the ground cries out – ‘something holy is here'”

      True, that.

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